Sessions Wheeler describes Varyville as being on the Eastern side of the Black Rock Range, north of Hardin City. In 1886, Ladue Vary discovered gold and silver in a canyon about 30 miles west of Quinn River Crossing. It was reported that would not take less than $100,000. Vary never sold though he did lease the land to others who successfully recovered ore. Vary lived on the property raising hay until 1906, when he was taken to Winnemucca due to his age. He died a year later at the age of 96.
Lincoln (1923) states the district was discovered by Vary in the early 1870's and organized as the Columbia district in 1875.
Alma Schulmerich describes "Varryville" as being successful from 1870 to 1880 with 150 families being present an a state running between Winnemucca and Varryville. Schulmerich continues that the town disappeared, leaving only "three or four stone houses and an old arrastra."
- Sessions Wheeler, "The Black Rock Desert," p. 142
- Idah Meacham Strobridge, "In Miner's Mirage-Land," p. 72, mentions Ladue Vary, (1904). Full text available from archive.org.
- Reno Evening Gazette, Saturday, May 22, 1937, page 6.
- Alma Schulmerich, "Josie Pearl," 1963 Deseret Book Co.
- H.F. Bonham, Jr., L.J. Garside, R.B. Jones, K.G. Papke, J.Quade, and J.V. Tingle, OF1985-03: A mineral inventory of the Paradise-Denio -- and Sonoma-Gerlach," p 200, 1985.
- GNIS Varyville (historical)
- "History: Mining town in Columbia MD began 1875-1880s, Leonard Creek late 1920s-1930s"
- "Citation: U.S. Geological Survey. Geographic Names Phase I data compilation (1976-1981). 31-Dec-1981. Primarily from U.S. Geological Survey 1:24,000-scale topographic maps (or 1:25K, Puerto Rico 1:20K) and from U.S. Board on Geographic Names files. In some instances, from 1:62,500 scale or 1:250,000 scale maps."
- Variant: Columbia: "Paher, Stanley W. Nevada Ghost Towns and Mining Camps. Berkeley: Howell-North Books, 1970, 492 pp. Gives historical background for mining towns and camps in Nevada. p148"
- Variant: Leonard Creek: "Gamett, James, and Paher, Stanley W. Nevada Post Offices. Las Vegas: Nevada Publications, 1983, 176 pp. Discusses historical background of Nevada post offices. p88"
- Francis Church Lincoln, "Mining Districts and Mineral Resources of Nevada," Verdi, Nev.: Nevada Newsletter Publishing Co., p. 104, 1923.