Smoke Creek Band

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"Big Jim" was a member of the Smoke Creek Band who was killed in June 1860, it was thought that Big Jim had murdered Horace Adams in the Honey Lake Valley.[1][2][3]

The Smoke Creek Band was accused of stealing cattle, which led to the Battle of Mud Lake at Winnemucca Lake in March 1865.

Fairfield has a number of anecdotes about Smoke Creek Sam, stating that Smoke Creek Sam was responsible for attacks on Whites and that Chief Winnemucca had little control over Smoke Creek Sam. Smoke Creek Sam was killed in 1867 at Guano Valley in far northern Washoe County (today, Guano Valley is in Oregon).[4]


  1. "Letter from the Lander Expedition," Daily Alta California, Volume 12, Number 195, July 15, 1860.
  2. "Chase and Capture of an Indian Chief,", Orleans Independent Standard (Irasburgh, Vermont), August 17, 1860, p. 2
  3. "Fairfield's Pioneer History of Lassen County, California," p. 224
  4. "Fairfield's Pioneer History of Lassen County, California," p. 393

See Also